What do you imagine when you hear the word "welfare"? Most of us think of a minority living in a filthy house with five kids running around while an alcoholic dad sleeps it off face down on the couch . if there's even a dad at all. I talked in another article about the things politicians will never understand about poor people, but it's not just Washington elites who treat the poor like an alien species. Hell, I find myself thinking in "welfare queen" stereotypes, and I grew up among them. The problem is that everyone from the news media to well meaning activists refer to "the poor" as one group having the same problem, when in reality no two people are in the category for the same reason, and almost none fall neatly into the stereotype. Right now there are millions of people out there who are using government assistance because they are . 4. People in a Temporary EmergencyWant to know kind of a cool fact that politicians tend to leave out of the rants when they're tossing around numbers like a monkey throwing its shit? Nineteen percent of people on AFDC (one of the most common forms of government aid) are on it for less than seven months. That's pretty damn important in my book, because it's a huge demographic that never, ever, ever gets covered by the news. And why would it? That statistic doesn't help support any political points because it . well, it's kind of boring. It shows that this part of the system is working exactly as it should. People get into some trouble and need some help, the government supplies that help, the people get back on their feet, and everyone walks away happy. Problem solved. Eat a butt fart, poverty. Enjoy the new world behind the door I've opened. I've known many people who have been in situations where they've lost their jobs (hey, nowhere in the company handbook does it say we can't do "ninja flips" off of the forklift), and unemployment simply wasn't enough to live off of or was denied altogether. Or maybe the company flat out closed. Maybe there was an injury or an illness, and the job doesn't pay sick time. Put yourself in those shoes: In the ensuing clusterfuck, you realize that you were making just enough money to survive, even while working a 40 (or more) hour job. There is no savings. At least not one that can support you and a family for any extended period. So you swallow your pride, head down to the public aid office, and get set up with your "just got wallet fucked by a company dildo" check, and then you bust your ass looking for a new job. Shit happens. Learning to deal with it is what makes you an adult. Don't let the government bullshit you into thinking that welfare is a system they handed you out of the goodness of their own hearts, using their own money that they pulled out of thin air. The checks you've received from all of the (legal) jobs you've ever worked have paid into this system. It's yours to benefit from when you need it."Thank God, I didn't know how I was going to fill the tank this week!" And like almost everyone who has ever had to be on this assistance, they hate every second of it. They can't wait to get off of it because every time you use a Link card to buy food or a medical card to pay for the removal of the LEGOs you glued to your neck (or whatever it is that people go to the doctor for), you feel like a failure. The sooner you can stop depending on that shit, the better. Regardless of what the extremists say, getting government assistance is not like finding buried treasure it's like digging coins out of the bottom of a sewer. "Well if so many people get off of welfare so quickly and easily, why do we still have such a massive problem with it? Are the politicians and media just lying?" Well, no, not really. See, a frighteningly large number of welfare recipients are . 3. People Trapped in (and by) the SystemIn my last article on poverty and welfare, I cited a staggering statistic, and it bears repeating here . and in every article I ever get a chance to bring it up: working households. And that number I quoted earlier in this article? The 19 percent who get off of AFDC in less than seven months? Well, it turns out that pretty much the same amount stay on it for more than five years. There's a reason, and it's a pretty common one. Well, no, not really. Getting out of poverty requires massive sacrifices. This is the part that seems to be the hardest for others to understand, because the easy answer is "Well, no shit, I sacrifice hobbies, sleep, and even time with my family for my career. If I can do it, you can do it, too, Poor Person!" But urging someone to sacrifice is making a huge, unspoken assumption: that they have something to sacrifice in the first place. If they're unemployed, they're in a Catch 22 where they need a car and a working phone to get a job, but they need a job to afford a car and a working phone (and yes, if you are lacking both of those things, your application is almost certainly going in the trash they won't hire somebody they can't call in for work on short notice)."I've got 50 people waiting to take your job, mister. Now go on, that garbage isn't going to eat itself." And if they are employed, it's actually worse. This is why that stat about how most of the poor have jobs is so important it's one thing to ask somebody to sacrifice sleep and bong time in order to get a job, but it's another to ask them to sacrifice their paying job in favor of college classes or an internship that won't pay anything. At that level, the current employer doesn't give two shits what else you're trying to fit into your schedule. Throw kids into the mix, and it gets more complicated still. You can't get ahead because all of your time, money, and energy are being poured into just maintaining the life you're currently living. That's how they get stuck in perpetual welfare. They're using 100 percent of their time, money, and efforts to maintain this level of basic life including the government assistance. Without some kind of outside intervention, they just never break free. This isn't theory I've seen it happen. I grew up with it. And it's terrifying to see that machine in action. After continually fighting it for so long, people just give up and resign themselves to that life. 308308 161 Nike Air Jordan 2 Iiretro White Varsity Red Black ,384664 623 Women Size Air Jordan 6 Toro Infrared 23 Black Infrared 23 656503 601 Jordan Future True Red 440892 307 Women Size Air Jordan 5 Retro Tropical Teal 2013 342132 061 Air Jordan 1 Retro High Strap Black Red Air Jordan 6 Rings Black Dark Charcoal Air Jordan Winterized 6 Rings Cool Grey Chlorine Blue 136085 106 Air Jordan 1 Retro White Black Red 528895 153 Air Jordan 11 Low Concord White Black Concord 656503 720 Air Jordan Future Volt White Teenage jewelry is an important and lucrative market niche. Today's 12 to 19 year old crowd shops for fashions more than any other age group. Fashion market analysts say that American teens currently spend $33 billion a year on fashion and beauty, with over 90% of them shopping for clothes and accessories at least once a month. For many teenagers, fashion is an important part of establishing their identity. Jewelry, clothes, shoes, and hairstyles can set young adults apart or make them fit in. In this age group more than any other, what you wear symbolizes what you believe, who you are (or want to be), and what group you belong to. Teens also have fun experimenting with fashion and color as their own personal style evolves. You may want to consider having at least a small section of your jewelry business cater to the teenage market. A considerable amount of jewelry is bought by and for teenagers both girls and boys for four main reasons: 1. This age group is always looking for something new; a typical teenage fashion trend lasts only six to twelve months. In my own experience, it's very rare for a teen to pass my booth at a show without stopping to look carefully at nearly everything in my display. 2. Jewelry is a popular gift for adults to give to teens. Especially around gift giving occasions, I often have adult customers asking me, "Do you have any jewelry for teenagers?" 3. Many teens love to shop, and many also have a sizeable amount of spending money. Their income tends to be stable since it comes from multiple sources (parents, part time jobs, babysitting, gifts) and most of their income is disposable. 4. The teenage population is growing, and this demographic is expected to continue for several years. That means that spending among this group will most likely increase. Tips for Designing Jewelry for the Teenage Market: The entertainment industry is the most significant influence on teen fashion and beauty trends. Watch what's being worn by young celebrities, pop stars, alternative bands, etc. Check in on MTV occasionally, and thumb through teen oriented magazines. Ask a few teenagers you know for jewelry ideas and feedback. You may be surprised by their insights. Visit a Hot Topic store, if your local mall has one. Keep in mind that teenagers generally don't want to wear anything their parents would wear so whether you would wear a particular piece of jewelry is not the best barometer of its marketability to teenagers (unless you're a teenager yourself, of course). Spirituality is an important issue for teenagers. Young adults are exploring their beliefs and tend to like symbols of philosophies they want to be identified with. Spiritual jewelry tends to appeal to a significant portion of teens. (Examples of spiritual elements that can be incorporated into teen jewelry include crystals and healing stones, crosses / fish / WWJD, star of David, and other symbols of major religions. And don't forget about the appeal of alternative spirituality, symbolized by elements such as Buddhas, chakra rainbow jewelry, ankhs, Quan Yin, etc. You might want to choose just one or two religious directions to represent in your teen jewelry line.) Stock some tempting impulse purchase items. Teens have a low resistance to impulse buys, and a price point of $15 or less can make a tempting piece of jewelry irresistible. Body jewelry is hugely popular among teens. Remember it doesn't always have to be pierced styles nonpierced body jewelry is widely worn among this deomgraphic. In warm weather, teens will be susceptible to tempting displays of affordable ankle bracelets, toe rings, barefoot sandals, and other styles that can't be seen under winter clothes. Young ladies aren't the only ones who wear jewelry. Young men are wearing more of it now than ever before. In general, masculine teen jewelry has a rugged look, with materials such as leather, hemp, rubber, pewter or silver, and beads. The majority of teenagers shy away from jewelry styles that are too far over the top. Teen designs need to balance "cool" with "wearable.". 308308 161 Nike Air Jordan 2 Iiretro White Varsity Red Black,Many factors are at play when you try to button your jeans and a little more than you bargained for squishes over the waistband; however, before you make a dash for your running shoes to lose belly flab by burning as many calories as you can (and swearing off pie for good), you may want to understand hormones. Hormones are in every person, they can affect the size of your pants to your state of mind. And even though an excellent diet and high intensity training can help ward off unwanted weight gain, you must take into consideration that certain hormones in your body may be to blame for some stored fat. For those of you that are constantly on the go, your cortisol levels may be to blame for some of that stubborn belly flab that you cant seem to shed. Dubbed the stress hormone, cortisol has the power to actually increase the fat in and around your tummy. When experts say that exercise is good for you, they dont just mean that it is a great way to try and stay in shape. Exercise is also a stress reducer in every aspect of the activity. It enhances lung capacity, allowing you to get more oxygen to the brain to manage uncontrollable thoughts and fears as well as give you the needed energy to get through a hectic day. If you have too much cortisol in your body, you may want to check your day planner. Odds are, that you are just overcommitted and under exercised. If that stress has no way to omit itself from your system, it will quickly become fat around your belly. But dont overdo it. Too many people run their selves into the ground with exercise, and as nature would have it, too much long endurance exercise can also produce cortisol in the body as a result of physical stress. So keep yourself in balance and know when to say no both to exercise and overextending yourself. Insulin and Estrogen: Two Enemies of a Diet Plan for Weight Loss When your body releases insulin into your blood, that isnt necessarily a bad thing. However the rate at which it is released and the quantity of it is what should concern those who have stubborn pockets of fat in certain areas of their body. Monitoring your sugar intake by keeping it to a bare minimum especially processed sugar can help to control and manage insulin levels in your body. High insulin levels in the body can derail your bodys ability to metabolize effectively, resulting in more stored fat. Not only can insulin levels result in fat gain, it can also result in high blood pressure, and even diabetes. Estrogen is another factor in your bodys hormonal stores that could be negatively affecting your weight loss efforts. When estrogen is in balance, it is not a concern. However, when your bodys levels of estrogen and progesterone get out of balance, then your body will begin storing fat. Excess estrogen in the body is directly linked to a swelling of the adipose tissue. What most people dont realize is that there are certain foods that can increase estrogen levels in the body. These foods are sources such as, processed soy foods, commercially processed milk or whey protein products.
100 Authentic Womens 308308 161 Nike Air Jordan 2 Iiretro White Varsity Red Black,Air Jordan 14 Retro White Sport Red Black Like its neighbours in Indochina , Laos is a country with a strong Buddhist tradition which has shaped its customs and etiquette. Besides their religion, the family is central to the Lao people's lives. Every Lao man is expected to become a monk for at least a short period and by doing so he brings merit to his whole family. Buddhists also gain merit by offering alms to feed the monks. In Luang Prabang, very early in the morning, lines of monks walk silently collecting offerings from the local people. When visiting temples, it is important to dress conservatively (no shorts or short sleeved t shirts). Shoes are removed before entering temples. Women must never touch monks and should not even hand anything to a monk, but instead place their offering where the monk can reach for himself. Monks are forbidden to touch women or even speak to them outside the safety of the temple or 'wat'. On buses, women will often move seats to allow monks to sit only with other men. Buddha figures and images are considered to be sacred objects and should not be touched or climbed upon. Even posing in front of them for photographs can cause offence. The traditional greeting in Laos , known as the 'nop', consists of a bow of the head with the hands raised to chest level as if in prayer. This is used to say hello, to indicate thanks and to say goodbye. In the cities, a western style handshake is becoming more normal. If in doubt, return the greeting you are given. If invited to eat with a Lao family please remember that the shoe removing custom also extends to private homes (and even to some shops and restaurants.) You will be offered something to drink. You should accept and sip at least a little to show your appreciation and respect. As in China, a common Laos greeting is to ask "Have you eaten yet?" showing the importance of hospitality in the Laos culture. As with other Buddhist cultures, the head is considered scared and one should never touch another person's head. Even playfully, stroking a child's hair is highly offensive. Pointing to something with your finger is also considered to be impolite. Instead use a palm up gesture of the whole hand. You will find the people of Laos to be very gentle and 'laid back' in their approach to life. Being angry or impatient is frowned upon. A gentle negotiation is felt to be much better for resolving disputes. When shopping it is expected that you will haggle over the prices, but always in a gently and friendly manner with a smile. Laos is a conservative country and it is not acceptable in Laos for men and women to show open affection in public. The French colonists who occupied Indochina had a saying: "The Vietnamese plant the rice, the Cambodians watch the rice, and the Lao listen to the rice grow" reflecting the calm, patient way in which people conduct their lives. You can visit to get more information about this. 308308 161 Nike Air Jordan 2 Iiretro White Varsity Red Black years ago as West Deer Township was approaching this significant birthday, the Park and Recreation Board was given the task of planning this coming celebration. The first step was recruiting and organizing a group of people who would dedicate them to this goal. committee had its beginning in 1984, and after several changes in membership and leadership, emerged as an organized group with definite goals in mind. Park and Recreation Board no longer exists, leaving the Anniversary Committee as a somewhat independent organization with support from the Board of Supervisors. McDonald is chairman, Gladys Hess is secretary, Roberta Spichty is treasurer, and John Graff was appointed Historian. James Catherwood was put in charge of an auction to raise funds necessary to begin various programs. John Graff was placed in charge of producing a comprehensive history of the township with the help of George and Dorothy Voeckel. Graff had previously written a Masters Thesis on parts of West Deer's history and the Voeckels were researching a history of Culmerville as a personal project. This book is the result of much labor on the part of this committee. major goals are to arouse public interest for suggestions and participation, to give local residents an opportunity to demonstrate their talents and abilities, to promote better unity in all parts of the township, and to stimulate interest in local history and record and preserve that history for future generations. has been one hundred and fifty years since the name West Deer was first applied to this area. Some phases of its history have appeared in other publications at one time or another. It is our attempt here, during this sesquicentennial, to gather all we can find that has been written and some that has not, and to put it together well enough so that our future generations may have a better understanding of how West Deer Township came about. We know that there will be errors, omissions, and other mistakes and we do apologize for them. It is our best effort and we hope that it is something that you will want to read, keep, and pass on to your descendents. The committee is grateful to all who contributed and extends many thanks for their help. of the research on the development of the mining towns was done for my Masters' Thesis in the late 1950's and served as a background for part of this history. It required another year's part time work to complete it. Culmerville Area section was started several years ago by Mrs. George (Dorothy) Voeckel as a personal project and was completed for this publication. organization in West Deer was invited to submit its history and most of them did. However, a few did not and therefore their history is not included. Family Histories section includes most of the families whose history appeared in the 1903 publication, "Memoirs of Allegheny County", and was expanded to include a number of others. These others were families who had been in West Deer over a hundred years and had enough information available to include them. In some cases complete histories were already written and were printed as such. advertising was solicited only from those individuals whose businesses or residences were in West Deer Township. An effort was made to contact all but some may have been missed. this point in our community's history, when we have paused to look back, let us for a moment appreciate the toils and tribulations of those who proceeded us and who laid the foundations of our community as we have it today. Their life was hard but it was not unfruitful. What they have given us must not be forgotten. It is called heritage. Now, it is up to us to pass it to our children. This book will help. the farmers and coal miners, the housewives and merchants, the teachers, the preachers, and the senior citizens of West Deer have come the facts, fancies, and stories, which have made this book possible. It is now yours to pass to your descendents. Perhaps by the year 2036 one of your children will improve and update this record. credit and many thanks goes to Dave Mathewson for his excellent work with the photographs. From faded pictures and fragile negatives he has produced most of the fine pictures in this publication. Clarence Monnier has let us use the valuable glass plate negatives which his father, Leonard Monnier, took perhaps eighty years ago. The Bessemer and Lake Erie Railroad generously permitted me to search their extensive photographic files and loaned negatives and pictures dating back to 1912 but mostly from 1921 to 1937. Mary Leggins loaned us a number of 1920 Curtisville pictures. There were many people who loaned or gave us a few pictures or wrote a historical account of their family or organization. James Norris helped make the aerial photos possible. Clarence and Mary Etta Monnier were helpful in locating many of the older homesteads and places of historical interest. The staff at the Township Office was very helpful in obtaining information, sending solicitations for organizational histories and advertising, financing the publication, and in typing manuscripts. Lisa Tomsko did much of the typing. The Culmerville Area history was prepared by Dorothy Voeckel who spent many hours on this work. Her husband George, a retired printer, helped with the publication. Judy McKrell spent many hours proof reading the manuscript. Shelby Hill did the artwork on the cover. This design also appears on the T shirts and other articles, which we have sold. Donna Gizienski, Zora Carroll, and George Voeckel helped with the advertising. Roberta Spichty, our treasurer, had much work to do with the advanced orders for this book and in the record keeping for all orders. entire Anniversary Committee worked to generate funds, helped to obtain pictures and printed material, and was responsible for the distribution and sale of this book. To all who helped. Thank you! let me introduce myself. My name is Ken Lewetag son of Ernest Lee Lewetag (a miner) and Victoria Baron (worked at Palmers and delivered milk from the "Barons" in Superior). My Grandfathers (Ernest J Lewetag and Stanislaw "Stine" Baron) were both miners as was their fathers. I was born in 1954 and lived in Russellton until 1965 when I moved to Oregon. I have always called West Deer my home and have remembered it fondly. My mother received a copy of this book from a relative in West Deer. In 1999 I began to research my roots and found this book and read it cover to cover several times. In March 2004 after many attempts I finally was able to contact Mrs. Dorothy Voeckel and Mrs. I explained that I would like to republish this document in an electronic form and possible in a printed form, which received their blessing reason for this republishing, reprinting and electronic publication is that so few copies of this book are available to libraries and schools to research and learn about the coal mining regions of Pennsylvania; specifically of my hometown Russellton and those of my family in Superior and Curtisville. My hope is that by publishing this book in electronic form in addition to the printed version more acknowledgements of our little part of the word will be more wildly known. much of the text of the original book was scanned and optical recognized there will be some errors. I have tried to keep these errors to a minimum but inevitably there will be some. If any errors are found please feel free to contact me so that I can correct these mistakes. the advent of computerized publication, and the ability to better manipulate content, I have taken the liberty of slight reorganization the pictures and some text to help the electronic and print reader. Also I have some personal knowledge of events that directly related to my families (Lewetag, Baron and Scully), I have taken the liberty to add some comments where appropriate. addition I have added a picture index to help researches more easily find this items within this book and make them also searchable items. We have attempted to add more information on the mines and the miners although they were not the first to live in Wes Deer they had a remarkable effect on our Township. conversation with Mrs. Graff she told me of an additional picture book of the 150 year celebration and additional older photos that did not appear in the original book. She sent me a copy of this book and its older photos are also included in this book. the main reason for republishing this book is for the use of the educational use, research, and the general public and not for commercial gain: Free usage of this publication and it's content is allowed with credit given to the Anniversary committee. However NO part of this publication may be used for ANY commercial purpose without the express written consent of the publisher, contributor and myself. those not from the area, there are five towns that can be confusing Russellton 1, Russellton 2, Curtisville 1, Curtisville 2 and Curtisville 3 (aka Bairdford). Russellton and Curtisville used without a 1 or 2 normally mean Russellton 1 and Curtisville 1 respectively. Russellton 2, Curtisville 2 and Curtisville 3 normally have the 2 or 3 attached. of the pictures are scanned from the original book (s) and due to the limitations of the printing process I was limited in what I could with what was given to me. I did try and correct levels and compensate for some problems within the pictures to make viewing easier. I did crop several of the pictures and straighten them to make the object level or at the correct angles. I would like to thank Dan Angeloni for additional and original versions of pictures without the help of Dan this book would not be near as rich in pictures and history. I would like to thank Kenneth White and the Arch Dioceses of Pittsburgh for the picture of Transfiguration Church. I would also like to thank the family and friends that took their time and supplied their photos and history as well. To the miners we have tired to add as many pictures of the mines and the miners we were unable to find pictures of Russellton 1, Superior, and Bairdford mines.
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