Dear readers of our ALMA Newsletter, This ninth ALMA newsletter comes within the first ever period of ALMA observing. The good news is that the observatory is working well and is producing excellent data, and progress in constructing the full array continues on schedule. On the other hand, the rate of progress in completing the observations for the highest priority cycle 0 projects is lower than planned. As a result the cycle 0 observing period will be extended see "ALMA Early Science Cycle 0 Status Report". It is amazing how much has happened since the last newsletter, and the gap between newsletters is partly a reflection of how busy everyone in ALMA has been. Construction activities are resulting in around two completed "array articles" (as fully outfitted antennas are known) being added to the array every month. This is a great achievement and involves a complicated, world wide supply chain culminating in the assembly of the antennas and systems in Chile and the final AIV (Assembly, Integration and Verification) and then CSV (Commissioning and Science Verification) activities undertaken by the JAO (Joint ALMA Observatory). The fact that ALMA vendors and JAO staff are delivering and commissioning two submillimeter antennas a month is astonishing a timescale of around a year to commission a submillimeter antenna is more typical. This newsletter contains an "ALMA in depth" article on calibration of the array, one of the most important, and challenging, issues for the ALMA science team. It also includes an interview with Neal Evans, Chair of the ALMA Proposal Review Committee, and introduces some of the 50 science assessors who participated in the process of ranking the 919 proposals to use ALMA in Cycle 0. The science assessors had a daunting task but they approached it very conscientiously and managed to maintain good humor throughout, and we deeply appreciate their assistance. The presence of the assessors in Santiago in mid August, and the job that they were there to do, was inspiring to the ALMA staff who have been working so hard and for so long to provide an observatory ready to do science. Finally, Jaap Baars provides a tribute to Albert Greve who had a long and distinguished career in radio astronomy, and we include a pointer to the many media stories about the start of ALMA science. Lewis Ball, ALMA The Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), an international astronomy facility, is a partnership of Europe, North America and East Asia in cooperation with the Republic of Chile. National Science Foundation (NSF) in cooperation with the National Research Council of Canada (NRC) and the National Science Council of Taiwan (NSC) and in East Asia by the National Institutes of Natural Sciences (NINS) of Japan in cooperation with the Academia Sinica (AS) in Taiwan. ALMA construction and operations are led on behalf of Europe by ESO, on behalf of North America by the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO), which is managed by Associated Universities, Inc. (AUI) and on behalf of East Asia by the National Astronomical Observatory of Japan (NAOJ). The Joint ALMA Observatory (JAO) provides the unified leadership and management of the construction, commissioning and operation of ALMA. [ top ] Night in Chajnantor. The ALMA antennas scrutinize the mysteries of the universe 24 hours a day. Credit: ALMA (ESO/NAOJ/NRAO), C. Padilla "The feedback from the PIs who have already received their ALMA data is very positive and the data quality is extremely high" Lewis Ball, ALMA and Lars Nyman, Head of Science Operations ALMA Science Newsletter: Dear Lewis and Lars, first I suggest we take a step back. Almost a year ago, the observatory announced the plan for ALMA Early Science Cycle 0 . As outlined in the plan, some months later ALMA invited the worldwide astronomical community to submit proposals for the first scientific observations. The enthusiasm among the scientists was tremendous and we received almost 1,000 proposals to observe with ALMA during Cycle 0. Was this a surprise for you? Lewis Ball: It has taken nearly 30 years to get to this point, from the stage when ALMA was only a preliminary concept to being already the most capable millimeter radio telescope ever built even with only about a third of the total number of antennas, and astronomers have been waiting all that time for the first chance to use ALMA. So no, it wasn't really a surprise to get so many proposals. We were the astronomical community to demonstrate a lot of enthusiasm to start using the telescope. I'm not saying it wasn't a huge source of satisfaction of course! Lars Nyman: Indeed, it was incredibly positive that there was so much interest. We'd gone through a process of asking for notices of intent from people who were considering submitting proposals. We did that both to help us gauge how many proposals we would likely get, and also to give us an indication of the likely spread across the different science categories and the demand for different receiver bands and configurations. We got 601 notices of intent and from that, we planned for around 1,000 proposals, which was pretty much what we got. It was a fantastic result and it represents a level of demand which is as high as that for any observatory, ever. Lewis BallDr Lewis Ball joined ALMA in September 2010, as of the Joint ALMA Observatory, after workszing for 9 years at Australia's Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation (CSIRO). Lewis earned his PhD in Theoretical Physics from the University of Sydney. He spent 12 years as a researcher, first in Sweden and then in Australia, before moving into a research management role in CSIRO's Australia Telescope National Facility (ATNF) in 2001. While at CSIRO he was Deputy Officer in Charge of Parkes, then of the ATNF, then spent 2 years as Acting Director of ATNF and then Acting Chief of CSIRO's new division of Astronomy and Space Science (CASS) which operates the Australia Telescope Compact Array, the Mopro radiotelescope, the Parkes Observatory and NASA's Tidbinbilla DSN tracking station. Through his CSIRO roles Lewis has worked for many years as part of Australia's SKA efforts. Lewis's research background is in the theory of shocks, particle acceleration, synchrotron emission and inverse Compton scattering and their application to supernovae, supernova remnants, pulsar winds and radio/X ray transients. Lewis pioneered the theory of gamma ray emission from the winds of binary radio pulsars. Throughout his career, Lewis has pursued research emphasizing the link between theory and observation, first in magnetospheric physics and later in space physics and astrophysics. Newsletter: Was there a fair balance across the different "ALMA" Regions in the proposals? Lewis Ball: Yes, the response from all the ALMA regions was tremendous. There was very high demand and over subscription from all of the ALMA Regions and also a substantial number of what we call "open skies" proposals, from Principal Investigators (PIs) from countries other than those that are contributing to ALMA. Lars Nyman: As Lewis says, ALMA is available to astronomers from anywhere in the world and that was great to get such a high demand not only from the ALMA Regions but from other countries too. Newsletter: ALMA did a technical assessment of proposals before they were discussed by the science assessors. What was this assessment all about? Lars Nyman: Around 25 ALMA staff from across the project worked through the proposals. We needed to make sure that from a technical point of view the proposals were likely to be able to be done or in other words that they were consistent with the technical capabilities of ALMA in this first science cycle. A side benefit was that it amounted to a first step of expert assessment of how would we set up the proposal so as to have the best possible likelihood of achieving the scientific goals of the astronomer who proposed it. Lewis Ball: In an ideal world, it shouldn't have been possible to submit a proposal that was not technically feasible because the ALMA Observing Tool (so called OT) was designed to match the advertised capabilities. But because it was the first ever call for proposals and since ALMA is so complex, we had experts work through the proposals as a double check to make sure the proposals corresponded to the capabilities we advertised and the way the observatory would work, and also to make sure there was no disconnect between scientific goals and technical set up. Newsletter: The proposals were divided into 4 science categories: Cosmology, Galaxies, the ISM and Stellar evolution. How were these categories defined in the first place? Lars Nyman: We took into account the original science goals for ALMA and natural fields of astronomical expertise in a way that we felt covered the range of science that ALMA was likely to do. Then we used the notices of intent to help us to estimate how many proposals would likely be submitted in each of these categories. Based on that we tried to make sure we appointed enough science assessors in each of these categories to be able to manage the expected workload. Newsletter: In a separate article in this Newsletter we detail the selection process for these proposals so I don't want to go into that here, but very briefly, how were the assessors chosen and is 50 assessors enough to assess 919 proposals? Lewis Ball: Well we know by experience how many proposals you can ask an assessor to assess, how many proposals can sensibly be discussed in a face to face panel meeting, and how many assessments are needed per proposal in order to have sufficient robustness and fairness in the process. Some assessors are likely to have a conflict of interest with some proposals, so you need to account for that. The most obvious is that an assessor can't assess a proposal he or she is involved in, of course. We sought suggestions of possible assessors from a wide range of people: scientific staff within the JAO and the ALMA Regional Centers (ARCs), ALMA Board members, the ALMA Science Advisory Committee and Neal Evans of course, who was appointed as the Chair of the ALMA Proposal Review Committee pretty early in the process. We ended up with a list of hundreds of expert astronomers. From that, we did our best to balance the experience and expertise over the whole set of panels and then invited people to participate. One of the nicest things about the process was that most people we asked were really excited to participate, and many who couldn't accept this year stressed that they'd be happy to be assessors in future cycles. 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This is the part where you have to reach way down and pull yourself up with the bootstraps. Well, I forgot to put them on these clown shoes. Test fit the fabric boots. These were an open toe design. Use at your own risk. So, here I am, kicking back and sippin' sweet tea because somebody commandeered my gmjhowe's Manager's Command and Control Seat of Righteousness (Capt.This is the part where you have to reach way down and pull yourself up with the bootstraps. Well, I forgot to put them on these clown shoes. But I did remember to tie my laces. Women Nike Free Run 2 Sail White Red Grey,Harry Potter games have been especially popular after the start of the movie releases. Since the first movie, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone, these movie based games lets you move through Harry Potter's world, experiencing the story in his own shoes. For every movie released there has been an accompanying game release of the same name, generally marketed in the same time period, including a few best selling games like Harry Potter and the Goblet of Fire, and the latest, Harry Potter and the Half Blood Prince. These games tend to be of the action adventure game genre, focusing on the story and the characters, with action interspersed in the form of mini games. Not all Harry Potter video games have tried to recreate the movies. For lovers of the game of Quidditch, Electronic Arts released the game Harry Potter: Quidditch World Cup for the PS2, XBOX, Game Cube, and Gameboy Advance consoles. In this game release you can experience the famous game from atop a broomstick competing against recognizable characters from the Harry Potter story, including Harry, Cho, Malfoy, and the Weasley Twins. There are a host of other games video games for you to play based in the Harry Potter universe online. These games are usually short flash games made without official sanction, but in order to play all you'll need is a browser equipped with Adobe Flash Player. The flash games offer up a wide variety of Potter experiences for you to play through, including a Potter version of the classic Pong called Quiddich Pong, to broom flight simulators like Broomstix. There's even a Hogwarts Student creator that allows you to build your own novice wizard. If you enjoy trivia, the world of Harry Potter has been especially fruitful for trivia game makers. The company Screenlife has released multiple versions of the Scene it? DVD trivia game for Harry Potter, updating the game occasionally to keep up with new books and movies. The two first books, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer's Stone and Harry Potter: Chamber of Secrets, each have trivia games devoted entirely to them. For a game covering all seven books, you can play the hand held game 20Q Harry Potter, an electronic 20 questions game of all things Potter. Harry Potter and his schoolmates have made it into board game form as well. There's a Harry Potter version of Clue, called Harry Potter Mystery at Hogwarts, and a Harry Potter version of Uno. You can play harry Potter trading card games, and card based dueling games. You can participate in a contest for House Cup in the Harry Potter Hogwarts House Cup Challenge Adventure, and even play a game of Quidditch with the Harry Potter and The Goblet of Fire Quidditch Dice Game. The world of Harry Potter has captured the imagination of millions, and game designers have responded by designing games for all ages to enjoy. So if you're a gamer of any type with an interest in the Harry Potter universe, there's sure to be something out there for you to try. Harry Potter Games for Kids The world of Harry Potter has captivated young readers since 1997. Rowling has evolved into a huge. Rowling, Harry Potter is a boy wizard learning his skills in the Hogwarts school. Directions for the "Harry Potter: Mystery at Hogwarts" Game "Harry Potter: Mystery at Hogwarts" Game is similar to the classic detective game, "Clue." Instead of players figuring out who murdered Mr. How to Play "Lego Harry Potter" for Wii Lego Harry Potter: Years 1 4 was released by Traveler Tales in 2010. It was released on Xbox 360, PlayStation 3 and Nintendo. Instructions for How to Play the "Hall of Hogwarts" Harry Potter Game Harry Potter "Halls of Hogwarts Game" has players traveling the halls until they visit all of their classes in the order they. Harry Potter Games Activities. As popular as the Harry Potter series has become, it not unusual to find games and activities.
Buy Online Mens Women Nike Free Run 2 Sail White Red Grey,Men Nike Free Run 3.0 Total Orange Neon Reflective Silver Wolf Grey I never wanted a big white wedding. The cost alone just filled me with horror. But when we announced our engagement, the world went mad!! Suddenly the guest list spiralled out of control with people we hadn't seen in years or in some cases even heard of, but had to invite because they would be upset if we didn't! Mention a wedding to potential suppliers, service providers or venues the cost instantly triple's. Then there was the arguments about having the day we wanted pleasing everyone else at the same time that isn't a good start to married life! Whilst at work one day I decided enough was enough. In my lunch hour I slipped out to the local travel agents asked for a brochure on wedding packages abroad. I had always had a dream of getting married abroad, on a beach. A small intimate affair. I was handed a brouchure for Kuoni one for Sandals Resorts in the Caribbean. At home that evening I presented the idea to my fiance. He looked through the brochures read the packages I had pin pointed as possible immediately said 'let's do it'. My parents has always known of my wish to get married abroad were fully supportive. We decided on Sri Lanka the Mount Lavinia Hotel just outside the capital Columbo. The wedding package was fantastic with just about everything we could want included room upgrades, flowers, hair makeup, photographs, video even an elephant ride! Kuoni also offered package deals if we combined our honeymoon aswell, so we choose a week in the beautiful Maldive Islands. Unfortunately we couldn't take family with us as the budget was too tight my father in law's health meant he could fly the distance. Instead my husband's best friend his girlfriend came with us. We decided that on our return we would hold a big party for all our family friends, which actually turned into a double celebration as it was my sister's 21st birthday that weekend we held a barbecue for her at my parents house the day after. Although I wanted a small intimate wedding with no fuss, it didn't mean I was about to do a Pamela Anderson get married in a white bikini! I still wanted a posh frock new shoes! After work one evening I visited a local bridal store which was part of a national chain. I walked preceeded to tell them I was looking for a simple wedding dress as I was getting married abroad. They looked at me with an air of comtepmt disgust led me to a rail of hideous bridesmaid dresses. That was the end of their so called customer service I left. The next shop I visited was far more helpful. The owner had visited Sri Lanka was full of advice tips, sadly she didn't have anything I liked. Disappointed with the choices available to me, I realised that my only option of getting the dress I wanted was to get it made for me. My mother was an excellent seamstress she stepped into the breach. My dress was a beautiful satin lace empire line creation with beautiful ribbon beaded embroidery. I addded some embroidered satin shoes a stunning gold tiara with pearls crystals. Upon reading about Sri Lanka we learned about the gold trade there the stunning Ceylon sapphires. It was decided that I would get my engagement ring made there. Whilst in Sri Lanka we had a day trip to the city of Kandy the gold center there. I got to design my own ring a single Ceylon sapphire of 1.25 carats set in 22 carat gold. It arrived at the hotel the day before the wedding! The wedding was wonderful provided some memorable comedy moments! As we were saying our vows a train went past sounding its horn no one could hear us! We had to say them again quickly before it went back the other way! When we watched the wedding video back one shot panned upto to two enormous crow's sitting in a tree. I think the intention was that they would look like lovebirds but instead they looked like a kind of apocalyptic omen! That aside the day was lovely, we were given the president's suite for the night five course meal in the beachside restaurant with a fireworks display afterwards. At home preperations for the party were in full swing with my mother, mother in law grandmother making table decorations individual cupcakes inplace of a formal wedding cake. The day before the party my mother I went out bought lots of fresh flowers made some beautiful flower arrangements. Which we decorated the venue, a local pub with a function room which opened out on terraced gardens, with. The venue did us proud with a fabulous buffet which included some asian style finger food which we specifically requested. I would recommend a destination wedding to anyone, there was no stress, no fuss from getting on the plane at Heathrow to saying goodbye to our guests after the party the whole experience was magical, I got to wear my beautiful wedding dress twice! Women Nike Free Run 2 Sail White Red Grey Back to Main MenuWeather HomeToday Forecast5 Day ForecastSchool Event ClosuresBack to Main MenuCrime Safety HomePolice BlotterReported CrimesCity of SyracuseNorth Suburbs Oswego CountyEast Suburbs Madison CountyWest Suburbs Cayuga CountyCNY TrafficBack to Main MenuPhotos HomePhoto EssaysBuy Photo ReprintsYour PhotosBack to Main MenuVideos HomeNews VideosSports VideosHigh School Sports VideosEntertainment VideosLiving VideosThe Fayetteville Manlius girls cross country team celebrates a first place finish at the Nike Cross Country Nationals in Portland, Ore., on Dec. 5. The girls and coach Bill Aris (left) were out training on Saturday. (Greg Wahl Stephens/AP )With the temperature in Manlius hovering around 10 degrees on Friday, running coach Bill Aris of Fayetteville Manlius gathered his runners together outside his office."Because it's so cold, we're not going to have a real strenuous workout today," Aris said. "Instead, I want you just to go out for a one hour run. We'll have a more strenuous and longer practice on Saturday."No one griped.Already outfitted in layers of clothes, the band of F M distance runners mostly female trotted purposefully toward the hallway exit. One by one, they gradually disappeared into a cloud of wind driven snow, heading East toward Chittenango."We do our running outdoors almost 100 percent of the time, all year round," Aris said. "The kids are used to conditions like today."Behind Aris on his office door, signs offer encouragement. It is at the borders of pain and suffering that the men are separated from the boys."If you're curious how the Fayetteville Manlius girls cross country team has won four straight title races at the Nike Cross Nationals in Oregon, this week's CNY weather offers a clue. Despite Friday's frigid temperatures, the F M girls spent a portion of the day running a few miles around the Eastern suburbs of Manlius."It's hard to run outside on days like this," admitted a bundled up F M sophomore Heather Martin. "But, it makes us all mentally and physically tougher."Though the F M boys and girls are now training for indoor track meets, with spring outdoor meets to follow, their long range, No.1 goal is to continue building endurance for the fall cross country season."I like cross country the best because it's so much more interesting," sophomore Katie Sischo said Friday. "There are different courses, and it's more of a team sport compared to track. In cross country, we all depend on each other. If any one of us has a bad day, that affects the whole team's score."From the current F M title winning girls harrier team, a quartet of all state caliber seniors Mackenzie Carter, Molly Malone, Hannah Luber and Kathryn Fanning are graduating. Malone will run for Syracuse University in the fall.Despite those considerable losses, the "Drive for Five" in Oregon is underway.F M assistant coach John Aris, son of head coach Bill, said this team has the potential to continue its success. "If the kids have the desire and the heart to do the work," he said, "we'll be fine."For openers, junior Courtney Chapman along with sophomores Sischo and Martin plus freshman Jillian Fanning are four returning all state Hornet harriers. (F M saw eight harriers earn at least honorable mention all state status in 2009.)Chapman, Sischo, Martin and Fanning should pace the 2010 F M girls team. Actually, Chapman was often the No.1 runner for the Hornets' pack this past season.Another contingent also planning to make F M's starting (seven runner) varsity lineup for next fall includes junior Katie Convertino, sophomore Kristie Rutledge, plus two eighth graders, Maggie Malone and Leah Monsour.Malone, the younger sister of Molly, won the junior varsity race at the huge Manhattan Invitational in New York City last fall. She also ran in a few F M varsity races. Monsour was the pacesetter for another strong F M junior high team."We think there is a lot of unfulfilled potential here," Sischo said. "Our seniors have been awesome, but there are some very good younger runners who are ready to take their places."A departing senior among the heavily garbed F M distance runners at Friday's workout was Hannah Luber. As she donned her mittens, Luber observed, "I don't want to sound cocky, but the girls coming back next fall are really good . We (seniors) know that we are leaving the program in pretty good shape."
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